Anxiety and stress in patients awaiting cardiac catheterization: a cross-sectional study


Aim: To evaluate the relationship of anxiety and stress with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients awaiting cardiac catheterization (cateterismo cardíaco – CATE). Method: This is a cross-sectional study of patients awaiting CATE. Anxiety and stress were assessed by the State Anxiety Inventory and Perceived Stress Scale. Fisher's exact test and t-Student or Mann-Whitney test were used, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Men were the majority; average age 60±9 years. Patients had low or moderate anxiety, mean score of 42±9.17 points, and low stress, and mean score of 19.1±6.4 points. Anxiety was related to age (p=0.033), self-reported stress (p=0.046), and former smokers (p=0.013). Stress was related to age (p=0.019) and smokers (p=0.001). Conclusion: The most anxious were younger, former smokers and self-reported as stressed; the most stressed were younger and smokers.
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