A profile of nursing diagnoses in patients with multiple sclerosis: a cross-sectional study


Aim:  identify  the  most  frequent  nursing  diagnoses  in  patients  with multiple  sclerosis  hospitalized  in  a  neurological  unit.  Method:  This  is  a  cross-sectional, quantitative  study,  conducted  in  the  period  from  January  to August  2014  with  58 patients in a teaching hospital in northeastern Brazil, following the relevant steps: data collection  through  validated  instrument;  process   analysis   and  validation  in  pairs according to the nursing diagnoses; and, finally, inferential analysis. Results: 30 nursing diagnoses  were identified,  the  most  common were:  impaired  physical  mobility;  activity intolerance,  impaired  urinary  excretion;  impaired  memory;  impaired pattern  of  sleep; self-care  deficit  for  feeding;  ineffective  coping;  constipation;  sexual  dysfunction  and chronic  pain.  Conclusion:  The  most  common  diagnoses  identified  are  in  the  fields  of activity/rest,   disposal   and   exchange   coping/stress   tolerance,   perception/cognition, comfort and sexuality.
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