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Risk of dry eye and ocular dryness in intensive care: a cross - sectional study

Jéssica Naiara de Medeiros Araújo, Ana Paula Nunes de Lima Fernandes, Hanna Priscilla da Silva, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos, Marcos Antonio Ferreira Júnior, Allyne Fortes Vitor


verify the relationship between risk factors and clinical datawith the nursing diagnosis of dry eye risk and ocular dryness in adult patients admittedto the intensive care unit (ICU). Method: it is a cross-sectional pilot study performed atthe ICU of a public hospital between October and December 2015. Results: Statisticallysignificant relationships with the nursing diagnosis under study and the following riskfactors and clinical data were observed: therapy with mechanical ventilation,neurological lesions with sensory loss, motor reflex, Schirmer test and length of hospitalstay. Burns,use of vasoactive drugs, Schirmer test and days of hospitalization alsoshowed a significant relation with ocular dryness. Conclusion: the results suggest thatsome risk factors and certain clinical data may present a greater relationship in the ICU environment. Practical implications: the knowledge provided can support the planning ofinterventions aimed at avoiding visual impairments.


Nursing Process;Nursing Diagnosis;Dry Eye Syndromes;Intensive Care Units


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