Cover Image

Self-esteem and distress in patients undergoing cancer surgery: a correlational study

Luciana Regina Ferreira da Mata, Marcela Ribeiro da Silva, Ana Cláudia Castro Antunes, Beatriz Simões Faria, Giannina Marcela Chávez, Patrícia Peres Oliveira

Abstract


Aim:  to  evaluate,  in  patients  in  postoperative  cancer  surgery,  the presence  of  distress  and  changes  in  self-esteem,  and  their  possible  relationship  to  the surgical   treatment.   Method:   a   cross-sectional   study,   quantitative,   correlational, performed in a hospital  located in the state of Minas Gerais. Three instruments of data collection  were  used:  Thermometer  Distress,  the  Rosenberg  Self-Esteem  Scale and  a questionnaire about the participants. Results: 100 patients participated with an average age of 59.56 years, with urological cancer (30%), mostly men (54.0%). The presence of distress  was  identified  in  65%  of  patients  whose  average  score was  5.05.  The  average self-esteem  level  was  7.07.  The  distress  and  self-esteem  variables  were significantly correlated.  Conclusion:  the  better  the  level  of  self-esteem,  the  lower  the  distress; variables  of  age  and  education had  no  relationship;  there  was no significant  difference between gender and tumor types.

Keywords


Nursing; Surgery; Self-esteem; Distress

References


Alves PC, Santos MCL, Fernandes AFC. Estresse e coping em mulheres com câncer de mama: um estudo transversal. Online Braz J Nurs (Online) [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2015 Sept 12] 11(2). Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/3714/pdf. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20120028

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva. Estimativas 2014: Incidência de Câncer no Brasil [Internet]. Rio de Janeiro: INCA; 2014. [cited 2015 Sept 03]. Available from: http://www.inca.gov.br/estimativa/2014/estimativa-24042014.pdf

Stewart B, Wild CP. World Cancer Report 2014. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014.

Pinto RMC, Rodrigues AB, Oliveira PP. Multiple symptoms in people with head and neck neoplasia: a descriptive study. Online Braz J Nurs (Online) [Internet]. 2014 Sept [Cited 2015 Sept 29]; 13(4). Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/5091/pdf_331. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20145091

Jiménez-Jiménez M, García-Escalona A, Martín-López A, De Vera-Vera R, De Haro J. Intraoperative stress and anxiety reduction with music therapy: A controlled randomized clinical trial of efficacy and safety. J Vasc Nurs. 2013 Sept; 31 (3): 101-6.

Bidstrup PE, Christensen J, Mertz BG, Rottmann N, Dalton SO, Johansen C. Trajectories of distress, anxiety, and depression among women with breast cancer: Looking beyond the mean. Acta Oncol. 2015 May; 54(5):789-96.

Sharma A, Madan R, Kumar R, Sagar P, Kamal VK, Thakar A, et al. Compliance to therapy-elderly head and neck carcinoma patients. Can Geriatr J. 2014 Sept; 17(3):83-7.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): distress Management. NCCN [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2015 Sept 30]. Available from: http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/treatment/pdf/distress.pdf

Gomes NS, Silva SR. Evaluation of the self-esteem of women who had undergone breast cancer surgery. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2013; 22(2): 509-16. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/tce/v22n2/en_v22n2a29.pdf

Bryman A. Social Research Methods. 4 ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2012.

Souza J, Luis MAV, Corradi-Webster CM. Brief interventions and tools for nursing care: a quantitative, descriptive and exploratory study. Online Braz J Nurs (Online) [Internet]. 2013 Apr [Cited 2015 Sept 28]; 12 (1): Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/3504. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20133504

Decat CS, Laros JA, Araújo TCCF. Termômetro de Distress: validação de um instrumento breve para avaliação diagnóstica de pacientes oncológicos. Psico USF. 2009;14(3):253–60.

Chiang AC, Amport SB, Corjulo D, Harvey KL, McCorkle R. Incorporating patient-reported outcomes to improve emotional distress screening and assessment in an ambulatory oncology clinic. J Oncol Pract. 2015 May; 11(3):219-22.

Dini GM, Quaresma MR, Ferreira LM. Adaptação cultural e validação da versão brasileira da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Rev Soc Bras Cir Plast. 2004 Jan-Abr; 19(1):41-52.

Sá CU, Rodrigues AB, Oliveira PP, Andrade CT, Amaral JG. Quality of life and people using antineoplastic agents: a descriptive study. Online Braz J Nurs (Online) [Internet]. 2014 Sept [Cited 2015 Oct 23]; 13(4). Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/4979/pdf_330. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20144979

Toğral G, Arıkan M, Aktaş E, Öztürk R, Güven O, Eksioğlu F. Surgical management of bone metastases from urological malignancies: an analysis of 70 cases. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2015; 49(6):634-40.

Hess CB, Singer M, Khaku A, Malinou J, Juliano JJ, Varlotto JM, et al. Optimal Frequency of Psychosocial Distress Screening in Radiation Oncology. J Oncol Pract. 2015 Jul;11(4):298-302.

Mansano-Schlosser TC, Ceolim MF. Quality of life of cancer patients during the chemotherapy period. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2012; 21(3): 600-7. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/tce/v21n3/en_v21n3a15.pdf

Young WC, Nadarajah SR, Skeath PR, Berger NA. Spirituality in the context of life-threatening illness and life-transforming change. Palliat Supportive Care. 2015 Jun;13(3):653-60.

Bergerot CD, Araujo TCCF. Assessment of distress and quality of life of cancer patients over the course of chemotherapy. Invest Educ Enferm. 2014; 32(2): 216-24.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17665/1676-4285.20165398