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Self-esteem and distress in patients undergoing cancer surgery: a correlational study

Luciana Regina Ferreira da Mata, Marcela Ribeiro da Silva, Ana Cláudia Castro Antunes, Beatriz Simões Faria, Giannina Marcela Chávez, Patrícia Peres Oliveira


Aim:  to  evaluate,  in  patients  in  postoperative  cancer  surgery,  the presence  of  distress  and  changes  in  self-esteem,  and  their  possible  relationship  to  the surgical   treatment.   Method:   a   cross-sectional   study,   quantitative,   correlational, performed in a hospital  located in the state of Minas Gerais. Three instruments of data collection  were  used:  Thermometer  Distress,  the  Rosenberg  Self-Esteem  Scale and  a questionnaire about the participants. Results: 100 patients participated with an average age of 59.56 years, with urological cancer (30%), mostly men (54.0%). The presence of distress  was  identified  in  65%  of  patients  whose  average  score was  5.05.  The  average self-esteem  level  was  7.07.  The  distress  and  self-esteem  variables  were significantly correlated.  Conclusion:  the  better  the  level  of  self-esteem,  the  lower  the  distress; variables  of  age  and  education had  no  relationship;  there  was no significant  difference between gender and tumor types.


Nursing; Surgery; Self-esteem; Distress


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