AbstractAim: To assess the socio-demographic and behavioral risk factors for postpartum women in terms of breastfeeding self-efficacy. Method: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted with 322 women interned in joint accommodation, using the Breastfeeding Self-efficacy Scale (BSES-SF). The internal consistency was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha (0.89) and the association of self-efficacy with other variables was performed using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was entered by means of the model of the variables with p<0.20. Results: There was a statistically significant association between self-efficacy and the number of people living on the family income (p=0.014), people who do not use drugs (p=0.003), who have two or more children (p=0.009), breastfeeding (p=0.018) breastfeeding exclusively for five to six months (p=0.002) and who have had positive experiences (p<0.001). Conclusion: professionals should consider self-efficacy in their professional context, as it establishes interactions with the characteristics of mothers, significantly influencing breastfeeding.
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