Cover Image

Obesity in adult women: home-based cross-sectional study

Marcelo Henrique da Silva, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Deíse Moura de Oliveira, Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Priscilla Ribeiro Biscotto

Abstract


Aim: To estimate the prevalence of obesity and associated factors in adult women. Method: This is a cross-sectional study of 240 women enrolled in primary care in a city in the state of Minas Gerais. Data collection took place between April and July 2012. Results: The prevalence of obesity was 37.08 percent (n=89). The following variables are associated with Body Mass Index (BMI): age (p=0.000, OR=3.35, CI=1.9 to 5.8), contraceptive use (p=0.00), disease associated with obesity (p=0.00) and use of sugar to sweeten drinks (p=0.00, OR=3.8, CI=11.5). Discussion: The prevalence of obesity was higher than that found at national and global levels. The factors associated are congruent with those found in the literature. Conclusion: When planning and executing actions aimed at controlling female obesity, managers and health professionals should consider this evidence.


Keywords


Obesity; Public Health; Women's Health

References


Costa, ACC, Ivo ML, Cantero WB, Tognini JRF. Obesidade em pacientes candidatos a cirurgia bariátrica. Acta Paul Enferm. 2009; 22(1):55-9.

Santos A, Pasquali R, Marcon S. Feelings and experiences of obese participants, in a support group: an exploratory study. Online Braz J Nurs (Online) [Internet]. 2012 April 18; [Cited 2013 May 10] 11(1). Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/3251

World Health Organization. World Health Statistics 2012 [homepage on the internet]. Cited 2013 fev 27. Available from: http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2012/en/.

Ministério da Saúde [BR] [homepage on the internet]. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por meio de Inquérito Telefônico. VIGITEL. Cited 2013 jan 15. Available from: http://portalsaude.saude.gov.br/portalsaude/arquivos/pdf/2012/Abr/10/vigitel_100412.pdf.

Ozcirpici B, Coskun F, Sahınoz S, Ozgur S, Bozkurt AI. Obesity Prevalence in Gaziantep, Turkey. Indian J Community Med. 2009; 34(1):29-34.

Instituto Brasileiro de Geociências e Estatísticas [BR]. [homepage on the internet]. Minas Gerais. Cidades. População 2010. Cited 2013 maio 26. Available from: http://www.ibge.gov.br/cidadesat/link.php?uf=mg.

Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Minas Gerais. Gerência Regional de Saúde de Juiz de Fora. Sistema de Informação em Saúde (SIAB) [homepage on the internet]. Cited 2013 maio 26. Available from:http://www.saude.mg.gov.br/institucional/integracao-institucional/grs/GRS.

Grais RF, Rose AMC, Guthmann JP. Don't spin the pen: two alternative methods for second-stage sampling in urban cluster surveys. Emerg Themes Epidemiol. 2007; 4 (8):1-7.

Gigante DP, Moura E C, Sardinha LMV. Prevalência de excesso de peso e obesidade e fatores associados, Brasil, 2006. Rev Saude Publica. 2009; 43(supl.2):83-9.

Salvo, VLMA, Gimeno SGA. Reprodutibilidade e validade do questionário de freqüência de consumo alimentar. Rev Saude Publica. 2002; 36(4):505-12.

Benedetti TRB, Antunes PC, Rodriguez-Añez CR, Mazo GZ, Petroski EL. Reprodutibilidade e validade do Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física (IPAQ) em homens idosos. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2007; 13(1):11-16.

World Health Organization [homepage on the internet]. BMI Classification. Cited 2013 mar 10. Available from: http://www.who.int/bmi/index.jsp?introPage=intro_3.html.

Venables, W.N. e Ripley, B.D. Modern Applied Statistics with S. Springer, 4ª ed, 2002.

Amarasinghe A, D'Souza G, Brown C, Oh H, Borisova T.The influence of socioeconomic and environmental determinants on health and obesity: a West Virginia case study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009; 6(8):2271-87.

Rosa MI, Silva FML, Giroldi SB, Antunes GN, Wendland EM. Prevalência e fatores associados à obesidade em mulheres usuárias de serviços de pronto-atendimento do Sistema Único de Saúde no sul do Brasil. Cien Saude Colet. 2011; 16(5):2559-66.

Sá NNB, Moura EC. Associação entre excesso de peso e hábito de fumar, Santarém, PA, 2007. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2009;12(4):636-45.

Cristóvão MF, Sato APS, Fujimori E. Excesso de peso e obesidade abdominal em mulheres atendidas em Unidade da Estratégia Saúde da Família. Rev Esc Enferm USP. USP. 2011;45(spe2):1667-72.

Bhurosy t , Jeewon R . Food habits, socioeconomic status and body mass index among premenopausal and post-menopausal women in Mauritius. J Hum Diet Nutr. In press 2013.

Moilanen J, Aalto AM, Hemminki E, Aro AR, Raitanen J, Luoto R. Prevalence of menopause symptoms and their association with lifestyle among Finnish middle-aged women. Maturitas. 2010;4(67):368-74.

Siervo M, Montagnese C, Mathers JC, Soroka KR, Stephan BC, Wells JC. Sugar consumption and global prevalence of obesity and hypertension: an ecological analysis. Public Health Nutr. 2013;18:1-10.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20144393