Trainee program as a professional initiation of the nurse: a model of people management



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The present study aims to evaluate the trainee program as model of people management from the nursing perspective and to discuss the impact of the Trainee Program as a strategy for the professional initiation of a newly graduated nurse in the job market. We defend the thesis that the Trainee Program is a model of people management as well as an effective means to place the nurse in the work market. The theoretical support was brought about by Peter Senge as the strengthening of intellectual capital while establishing the five necessary subjects of learning capabilities such as personal control, mental models, shared view, team learning, and systemic thinking. The design of the research was prospective, nearly experimental, and was carried out from July 2003 to May 2006. Data collection was held in two parts – pre and post trainee program. In data analysis the signed-rank tests were used and there was no significant evidence in the scores in theoretical tests in the pre and post trainee program. In the practical tests and in the practical evaluations, significant differences were shown and indicated a better result in the post trainee program. The psychometric testes showed that the average of the Motivational Test before the program was bigger than it was at the end, revealing a shift in necessities during the program, from self-realization going on to physiologic, security and association to recognition. We carried out a last questionnaire about job satisfaction, which made clear that those professionals were not only pleased to enter the job market but also to profit from that time to develop their professional activities. This program presents a proposal for the qualification of recently graduated nurses while it seeks to create space for knowledge sharing and formation of an institutional policy for their insertion in the work market.