Cancer is the most frequently occurring neoplasia among women worldwide, followed by cervix uteri cancer whose main agent is the human papilloma virus. This research had as general goal: get to know women’s health self-care among female undergraduates who live in a public university housing in Paraná State/ Brazil. Specific goals were as follows: to survey the frequency of breast self-exam, of gynecologic appointments, of colposcopic exam; to identify sexual life-related activities, preventive methods concerning sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and contraception. This study has a quantitative approach and was carried out with a sample of 71 women. Data were gathered by means of a questionnaire and descriptively analyzed. The analysis evidenced that women ranged 18 to 33 years of age; 71.83% can undertake breast self-exam but 86.36% are unwilling to do that. It was still evidenced that 24.19% did not undergo the colposcopic exam after they became sexually active; 87.32% said they were previously sexually active; 53.22% disclosed that they did not always use any preventive methods for STD and 33.87% reported that they did not use them through the sexual intercourse. It can be concluded that those female students have access to information, however they are not risk-aware to undertake self-care.