Views of military policemen about health care: a descriptive study


Adriana Karla de Oliveira Ferreira Bezerra1, Rosineide Santana de Brito2

1Military Police of Rio Grande do Norte
2Rio Grande do Norte Federal University


The lack of care on the part of men regarding their own health represents a significant phenomenon, and contributes to the rise of male morbidities. This fact has increased relevance when it is seen among military policemen due to their labor peculiarities.
Aim: To analyze the views of military policemen regarding their own health care.
Method: This is an exploratory and descriptive research study, involving a qualitative approach, performed with 21 military policemen on ostensive duty, belonging to a police battalion located in the city of Natal, Brazil.
Results: The interviewees declared they take care of their own health by exercising, eating healthily, and sleeping well. However, there are reports of back pain, weight gain, insomnia, stress and psychological suffering.
Conclusion: Military policemen perceive their vulnerability as a result of their duties. However, they acknowledge the difficulty of adopting preventive measures, thus making us believe that there is a need to adopt strategies of health care relevant to this specific group. 
Descriptors: Public Health Nursing; Health Care (Public Health); Men’s Health; Police.



The lack of health care on the part of men represents a significant phenomenon, as it contributes to the rise of the indicators related to illnesses and death among the male population due to preventable causes. This reality is even more evident among military policemen, due to the peculiarities of their working conditions. The reflexes associate with the stressing experiences resulting from performing their duties, and the unpredictability of occurrences when patrolling the streets, make these workers even more vulnerable to illnesses(1). Based on that, it is possible to consider that health care procedures used by military policemen are supported by their own understandings regarding health issues, which relate to their own ideas related to gender and their profession. This fact generates the following question: how do military policemen understand their own health care?



To analyze the views of military policemen regarding health care.



This is an exploratory and descriptive research, which adopts a qualitative approach. The project was approved by the Committee of Ethics in Research of Rio Grande do Norte Federal University, under protocol #266.872/2013. The data collection occurred in a military police battalion under Natal Police Command, Brazil. In this study, the sample was composed of military policemen, all male, working on ostensive duty, not under medical leave, and presenting favorable psychological and/or physical conditions when it came to answering the questionnaire. The data collection occurred from June to July 2013, using semi-structured interviews, after the approval the general commander, and the signing of the Free and Clear Agreement Consent by the interviewees. The testimonies were analyzed using Bardin’s content analysis procedure(2). After reading the testimonies, three categories were generated after commonalities were identified in the process of coding and categorizing: military policemen’s life habits; impact of working conditions on military policemen’s lives; and attitudes of military policemen towards their own health issues. The analysis of the results was supported by the theoretical standards described in the Health Belief Model, based on the variables “vulnerability” and “barriers”(3). To support the discussion of the results, the literature regarding men’s and military policemen’s health was used.



This research had the participation of 21 military policemen in ostensive duty (or in other words, officers on street patrol duty).  They were aged between 28 and 50 years, with a predominance of individuals between 30 and 39 years of age. The majority of the policemen had worked for more than 12 years in the battalion. Family income varied from 3 to 13 times minimum wage, mainly between 3 and 4.5 times minimum wage . Most respondents had a stable marital status, with one or two children, high school education, and a lack of other income sources due to working part-time.

According to the results, military policemen declared that they took care of their own health by undertaking physical exercises, healthy dieting, and good sleep patterns before coming on duty.



The participants in the study presented complications with regard to their health, both physical and emotional, such as back pain, weight gain, sleep deprivation, stress, and psychological suffering. Based on that, they searched for support to solve the consequent aggravations. They recognized the need for safety measures during their duties, as they are aware of the vulnerable position they are inserted into due to their role. The complications shown in this study could develop into more complicated issues and generate possible harm during the performance of these men’s duties.

However, the deleterious effects of stress in police work can be minimized with actions aimed to teach them about the adequacy of nutrition, periods of relaxation and leisure, psychological follow-up, and incentive programs to engage in physical activities, including during periods of leisure(4).



It can be seen that the military policemen in this study conceive of health care as performing physical exercise, being careful about nutrition, and resting. In addition, they recognize that they face vulnerable situations due to their working conditions. However, they face difficulties in adopting preventive practices against health complications. This fact demonstrates the need to have strategies of health care in the case of military policemen. In this context, nursing staff can work with the men in order to persuade these professionals to adopt health care practices that will promote better health.



1. Couto G, Brito EAG, Silva AV, Lucchese R. Saúde mental do policial militar: Relações interpessoais e estresse no exercício profissional. Rev. Psicologia e Argumento [ Internet ]. 2012 [ cited 2013 Sept 13 ] 68(30): 185-94. Available from:

2. Bardin L. Análise de conteúdo. 1ed. Lisboa: Editora Edições 70; 2011.

3. Rosenstock, IM. O modelo de crenças em saúde: explicando o comportamento em saúde através de expectativas. In: Glanz K, Lewis FM, Rimer BK Comportamento em saúde e educação em saúde: teoria, pesquisa e prática. São Francisco: Editora Jossey-Bass; 1990.

4. Dantas, MA et al. Avaliação de estresse em policiais militares. Rev. Psicol. teor. prát. [ internet ]. 2010 [ cited 2013 Jul 19 ] 3(12): 66-77. Available from: http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/pdf/ptp/v12n3/v12n3a06.pdf


Reference (from dissertation)

BEZERRA, Adriana Karla de Oliveira Ferreira. Concepções de Policiais Militares sobre cuidados com a saúde. Natal. Dissertation [ Master in Nursing ]. Rio Grande do Norte. 2013.


All authors participated in the phases of this publication in one or more of the following steps, in According to the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, 2013): (a) substantial involvement in the planning or preparation of the manuscript or in the collection, analysis or interpretation of data; (b) preparation of the manuscript or conducting critical revision of intellectual content; (c) approval of the versión submitted of this manuscript. All authors declare for the appropriate purposes that the responsibilities related to all aspects of the manuscript submitted to OBJN are yours. They ensure that issues related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the article were properly investigated and resolved. Therefore, they exempt the OBJN of any participation whatsoever in any imbroglios concerning the content under consideration. All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest of financial or personal nature concerning this manuscript which may influence the writing and/or interpretation of the findings. This statement has been digitally signed by all authors as recommended by the ICMJE, whose model is available in http://www.objnursing.uff.br/normas/DUDE_eng_13-06-2013.pdf


Received: 08/15/2014
Revised: 08/25/2014
Approved: 08/25/2014