Madeleine Leininger and the theory of the cultural carediversity and universality - an historical overview
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Nursing Theory
Research. Teoria de Enfermería
Investigación. Teoria de Enfermagem


Aiming to understand the historical evolution of the Theory of the Cultural Care Diversity and Universality (TCCDU) we conducted a documentary research based on Madeleine Leininger’s trajectory and intellectual production from consultations to the database (Medline), websites related to the Leininger’s theory and visits to libraries. The TCCDU has being applied worldwide, extensively consolidated as an important theory for the development of the care based on the culture of our clientele. We believe that this overview of the context lived by Leininger and her influences for the construction of a theory internationally accepted can be useful to whoever desires to apply it for the transcultural nursing establishment in order to guide the nursing assistance, education and research.
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