Aiming to understand the historical evolution of the Theory of the Cultural Care Diversity and Universality (TCCDU) we conducted a documentary research based on Madeleine Leininger’s trajectory and intellectual production from consultations to the database (Medline), websites related to the Leininger’s theory and visits to libraries. The TCCDU has being applied worldwide, extensively consolidated as an important theory for the development of the care based on the culture of our clientele. We believe that this overview of the context lived by Leininger and her influences for the construction of a theory internationally accepted can be useful to whoever desires to apply it for the transcultural nursing establishment in order to guide the nursing assistance, education and research.
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Leininger M. Clinical specialist in child psychiatric nursing: role and function. University of Cincinnati Publications 1954;2-6.
Leininger M. Identifying care needs and how these needs can be met through psychiatric nursing. University of Cincinnati Publications 1955;8-12.
Leininger M. Changes in psychiatric nursing. Can Nurse 1961; 57:938-49.
Leininger MM. Community psychiatric nursing: trends, issues, and problems. Perspect Psychiatr Care 1969; 7(1):10-20.
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Leininger M. Contemporary issues in mental health nursing. Boston: Little Brown, 1973.
Leininger M. The culture concept and its relevance to nursing. J Nurs Educ 1967; 6(2):27-37.
Leininger M. Nursing care of a patient from another culture: Japanese-American patient. Nurs Clin North Am 1967; 2:747-62.
Leininger M. The significance of cultural concepts in nursing. MLN Bull 1968; 16(2):3-4.
Leininger MM. Cultural differences among staff members and the impact on patient care. MLN Bull 1968; 16(5):5-6.
Leininger MM. The use of cultural concepts in patient care. MLN Bull 1968; 16(5):3-4.
Leininger M. Ethnoscience: a new and promising research approach to the health sciences. Image J Nurs Sch 1969; 3(1):2-8.
Leininger M. Nursing and anthropology: two worlds to blend. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1970.
Leininger M. Some anthropological issues related to community mental health programs in the United States. Community Ment Health J 1971; 7(1):50-61.
Leininger M. Nursing in the context of social and cultural systems. In: Mitchell P, editor. Basic concepts to nursing. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1973: 37-60.
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Leininger M. Transcultural nursing: concepts, theories and practices. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1978.
Leininger M. Transcultural nursing: a new subfield to general nursing and health knowledge. Manitoba: University of Manitoba, 1978.
Leininger M. Transcultural nursing care of adolescent and middle age adult. Salt Lake City: University of Utah College Nursing, 1979.
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Leininger MM. Culture care diversity and universality: a theory of nursing. New York: National League for Nursing Press, 1991.
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Leininger M. The phenomenon of caring. Part V. Caring: the essence and central focus of nursing. Nurs Res Rep 1977; 12(1):2-14.
Leininger M. Caring: a central focus of nursing and health care services. Nurs Health Care 1980; 1(3):135-43.
Leininger M. Care facilitation and resistance factors in the culture of nursing. Top Clin Nurs 1986; 8(2):1-12.
Leininger M. Care symposium: resources on culture (letter to the editor). J Nurs Adm 1986; 16(6):35.
Leininger M. Care: discovery and uses in clinical community nursing. Detroit: Wayne State University Press; 1988.
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Leininger M. Ethical and moral dimensions of care. Detroit: Wayne State University Press; 1990.
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Leininger M. Historic and epistemologic dimensions of care and caring with futuristic directions. In: Stevenson J, Reimer T, editors. Knowledge about care: state of the art and future developments. Kansas City: American Nurses Association; 1990. p. 19-31.
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Leininger M. Reflections on Nightingale with a focus on human care theory and leadership. In: Nighingale F, Burnum B, editors. Nightingale, notes on nursing: what it is, and what it is not. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott; 1992. p. 28-29.
Leininger M. Transcultural nursing administration: an imperative worldwide. J Transcult Nurs 1996; 8(1):28-33.
Leininger M. Are nurses prepared to function worldwide? J Transcult Nurs 1994; 5(2):2-4.
Leininger M. Health care reform: when will it include transcultural nursing care? J Transcult Nurs 1993; 4(2):2-3.
Leininger M. Teaching transcultural nursing to transform nursing for the 21st century. J Transcult Nurs 1995; 6(2):2-3.
Leininger M. Teaching transcultural nursing in undergraduate and graduate programs. J Transcult Nurs 1995; 6(2):10-26.
Leininger M. Transcultural nursing research to transform nursing education and practice: 40 years. Image J Nurs Sch 1997; 29(4):341-47.
Leininger M. Nursing education exchanges: concerns and benefits. J Transcult Nurs 1998; 9(2):57-63.
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Leininger M. Doctoral programs for nurses: trends, questions, and projected plans. Part I: trends, questions, and issues on doctoral programs. Nurs Res 1976; 25(3):201-10.
Leininger M. Changing directions in nursing education. Primary and transcultural nursing care. Taehan Kanho 1977; 16(4):58-67.
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Leininger M. Founder's focus: theoretical, research, and clinical critiques to advance transcultural nursing scholarship. J Transcult Nurs 2001; 12(1):71.
Leininger M. Ethnomethods: the philosophic and epistemic bases to explicate transcultural nursing knowledge. J Transcult Nurs 1990; 1(2):40-51.
Leininger MM. Current issues in using anthropology in nursing education and services. West J Nurs Res 2001; 23(8):795-806.
Leininger M. Founder's focus: types of sciences and transcultural nursing knowledge. J Transcult Nurs 2001; 12(4):333.
Leininger M. Founder's focus: cultural diffusion trends, uses, and abuses in transcultural nursing. J Transcult Nurs 2002; 13(1):70.
Leininger M. Founder's focus: transcultural nursing care makes a big outcome difference. J Transcult Nurs 2003; 14(2):157.
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