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Bed bath for infarcted patients: crossover of the hydrothermal control 40ºC versus 42.5ºC

Cleivison José Barbosa da Silva, Monyque Évelyn dos Santos Silva, Fernanda Faria Reis, Gabriela Cristina Oliveira de Miranda, Luiz dos Santos, Dalmo Valerio Machado de Lima


Aim:  To  compare  the  results  of  the  water  used  to  bath  infarcted patients  in  bed  under  oxy-hemodynamic  variables.  Method:  This  research  uses  a  2X2 crossover of the interventions: bed bath with constant water temperature at 40°C (BB1) and 42.5°C (BB2) in 20 patients who had acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Dependent variables  are:  pulse  oximetry,  cardiac  frequency  (CF)  and  axillary  temperature  (Axt). The  inferential  statistics  will  be  used  in  an  analysis  of the  variations  found  repeated throughout the sample, as well as the Bonferroni test, with a level of significance of 5%. Results:  The SpO2  and  Axt  were  higher  after BB2  (p<0.05)  when  compared  with  BB1. BB2 reduced CF by 1% (p=0.01). Discussion: The individual bath with controlled water temperature  is  capable  of  minimizing  the  oxy-hemodynamic  impact. Conclusion:  The bath  with  water  temperature  at 42.5ºC  was  shown  to  be  more  favorable than  at  40°C with regard to SpO2, CF and Axt in infarcted patients.


Bed Bath; Thermalregulation; Hemodynamics


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