Cover Image

Educational views and practices of medical and nursing professionals: a descriptive study

Elen Ferraz Teston, Maria Antonia Ramos Costa, Vanessa Denardi Antoniassi Baldissera, Sonia Silva Marcon

Abstract


Aim: To describe the educational views and practices of family health teams to people with arterial hypertension and their relatives. Method: This is a qualitative study performed with 12 medical and nursing professionals from a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Parana. The data was collected in May 2011, with a semi-structured instrument and submitted to the analysis of content. Results: The professionals believe that education in health is an action to promote health and prevent diseases, but they have a narrow perspective regarding the disease and the individual, despite the fact they recognize the importance of the family in the process; the views about working conditions and technical-scientific preparedness reinforces this view. Discussion: The educational practice must empower families to be able to transform their reality, which does not happen based on reductionist and traditional educational practices. Conclusion: These professionals must search for further information that can open their minds regarding educational views and practices, empowering the families to emancipate the care and the control over the illness.

Keywords


Doctors; Nurses; Chronic Diseases

References


Malta DC, Moura L, Souza FM, Rocha FM, Fernandes FM. Doenças crônicas não transmissíveis: mortalidade e fatores de risco no Brasil, 1990 a 2006. In: Saúde Brasil 2008: 20 anos de sistema único de saúde no Brasil. Brasília:Ministério da Saúde; 2009. p. 111-35.

Sociedade Brasileira de cardiologia. VI Diretrizes Brasileiras de Hipertensão. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010; 95 (1 Suppl 1): 1 -51.

Kerry SM, Markus HS, Khong TK, Cloud GC, Tulloch J, Coster D, et al. Home blood pressure monitoring with nurse-led telephone support among patients with hypertension and a history of stroke: a community-based randomized controlled trial. CMAJ [internet] 2013 [Cited 2013 Aug 10];185(1):23-31. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3537777/

Santana JS, Soares MJGO, Nóbrega MML. Instrument for nursing consultation of hypertensive patients treated in the Family Health Units. Online braz j nurs [Internet]. 2011 [Cited 2013 Aug 18]; 10(3): [about 5 p.] Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/3481/1092

Pires JE, Sebastião YV, Langa AJ, Nery SV. Hypertension in Northern Angola: prevalence, associated factors, awareness, treatment and control. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 Aug 29]; 13 (9): [about 9 p.]. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-13-90.pdf

Alves GG, Aerts D. As práticas educativas em saúde e a Estratégia Saúde da Família. Ciênc saúde coletiva. 2011; 16(1): 319-25.

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística [homepage in the internet]. Cidades [cited 2012 July 30]. Available from: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/xtras/home.php

Rosso CFW, Collet N. Os enfermeiros e a prática em saúde em município do interior paranaense. Rev eletrônica enferm [Internet]. 1999 [cited 2011 July 11]. Available from: https://www.revistas.ufg.br/index.php/fen/article/view/659/743

Minayo MCS. O desafio do conhecimento: pesquisa qualitativa em saúde. 11. ed. São Paulo: Hucitec; 2008.

Bagnato MHS, Renovato R, Missio L, Basanelllo GAH. Práticas Educativas em saúde: da fundamentação à construção de uma disciplina curricular. Esc Anna Nery Rev Enferm. 2009; 13(3): 651-6.

Sousa MF, Hamann Em. Programa Saúde da Família no Brasil: uma agenda incompleta? Ciênc saúde coletiva. 2009; 14 Suppl 1: 1325-35.

Alves GG, Aerts D. As práticas educativas em saúde e a Estratégia Saúde da Família. Ciênc saúde coletiva [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2012 Nov 11]. 16 (1): 319-25. Available from: http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=63015361030

Ma LC, Chang HJ, Liu YM, Hsieh HL, Lo L, Lin MY, et al. The relationship between health-promoting behaviors and resilience in patients with chronic kidney disease. Scientific World Journal [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 July 22]. 13 (4): [about 7 p.] Available from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2013/124973/

Vasconcelos VM, Martins MC, Valdês MTM, Frota MA. Educação em saúde em escola: estratégia em enfermagem na prevenção da desnutrição infantil. Cienc cuid saúde. 2008; 7(3): 355-62.

Vásquez–Morales A, Sanz-Valero J. Health promotions interventions designed and implemented in aged people over 65 years: a systematic review. Rev ROL enferm. 2011; 34(11): 736-44.

Silva EC, Pelicioli MCF. Participação social e promoção da saúde: estudo de caso na região de Paranapicaba e Parque Andreense. Ciênc saúde colet.2013;18(2):563-72.

Burke M, Carey P, Haines L, Lampson AP, Pond F. Implementing the information prescription protocol in a family medicine practice: a case study. J Med Libr Assoc. 2010; 98(3): 228-34.

Ministério da Saúde (Brasil). Secretaria de Gestão do Trabalho e da Educação na Saúde. Política Nacional de Educação Permanente em Saúde. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2009.

Freire P. Pedagogia do Oprimido. 41. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra; 2011.

Houle J, Beaulieu MD, Lussier MT, Del Grande C, Pellerin JP, Authier M et al. Patients' experience of chronic illness care in a network of teaching settings. Can Fam Physician [Internet]. 2012 Dec; 58 (12): 1366-73. [cited 2013 Aug 30]. Available from: http://www.cfp.ca/content/58/12/1366.full




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20134133