Cover Image

Descriptive Study of Risk Factors in Arterial Hypertension among Victims of Stroke

Larissa Bento de Araújo Mendonça, Francisca Elisangela Teixeira Lima, Islene Victor Barbosa, Maria Eliane Maciel de Brito, Shérida Karanini Paz de Oliveira, Lilian Gomes Pereira de Cunha


Objective: Verification of the presence of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors to Arterial System Hypertension (ASH) in patients who had suffered Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA). Method: Descriptive study, quantitative performed in a SAH Unit of a hospital in Fortaleza, Brazil. 75 patients diagnosed with SAH and attacked by CVA, hospitalized in this same unit, composed the sample. The data was collected through interviews with the patients, then exposed in frequency datasheets. Study approved by the Ethics Committee. Results and discussion: Non-modifiable factors: male (61,4%), age above 60 years old (48%), family background of cardiovascular diseases (68%) and white-skinned (64%). Modifiable factors: unhealthy diet (64%), sedentary lifestyle (92%), smoking (20%), regular consumption of alcoholic beverages (21,3%), and inadequate use of medication (41,3%). Conclusion: CVA victims have modifiable factors related to ASH, forcing the nursing professionals to develop strategies to the population that carries ASH to the reduction of these factors and prevention of cardiovascular implications.


Hypertension ; Risk Factors; Nursing.


Mantovani MF, Mottin JV, Ulbrich EM, Pinotti S. Health clients profile and knowledge about arterial hypertension. Online Braz J Nurs. Brazilian Journal of Nursing [periódico online]. 2008 [capturado em 2011 abril 01]; 7(2). Disponível em:

Malachias MVB. Hipertensão: tratamento não medicamentoso e abordagem multiprofissional. Rev Bras Hipertens 2010; 17(1):25-30.

Sociedade Brasileira de Hipertensão. VI Diretrizes Brasileiras de Hipertensão Arterial. São Paulo; 2010.

Caetano JA, Lima V, Soares E, Santos ZMSA. Fatores de risco associados à hipertensão arterial sistêmica em vítimas de acidente vascular cerebral. RBPS 2006; 19(3):148-54.

Moraes CS, Tamaki EM. Compliance with measures of control of systemic arterial hypertension: hypertensive patient's behavior. Cogitare enferm 2007; 12(2):157-63.

Gomes SR, Senna M. Nursing care to the subject with cerebral vascular accident. Cogitare enferm 2008; 13(2):220-6.

Joaquim AF, Avelar WM, Pieri A, Cendes F. Como diagnosticar e tratar acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico. RBM 2007; 64(n.ESP):6-13.

Dosse C, Cesarino CB, Martin JFV, Castedo MCA. Factors associated to patients noncompliance with hypertension treatment. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2009; 17(2):201-206.

Cipullo JP, Martin JFV, Ciorlia LAS, Godoy MRP, Cação JC, Loureiro AAC, Cesarino CB, Carvalho AC, Cordeiro JA, Burdmann EA. Hypertension prevalence and risk factors in a Brazilian urban population. Arq. Bras. Cardiol 2010; 94(4).

Araújo APS, Silva PCF, Moreira RCPS, Bonilha SF. Prevalence of the risk factors in the patients with stroke attended in the sector of neurology of the clinic of physiotherapy of the UNIPAR - campus. Arq Ciências Saúde Unipar 2008; 12(1):35-42.



The articles published in Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing are indexed, classified, linked, or summarized by:


Affiliated to:

Sources of Support:

 Visit us:



The OBJN is linked also to the main Universities Libraries around the world.

Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing. ISSN: 1676-4285

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons:Noncommercial-No Derivative Works License.