Cover Image

Functional autonomy of physically active and sedentary elderly women: comparative causal study

Fabio Dutra Pereira, Wagner Oliveira Batista, Helio Lemos Furtado, Elirez Bezerra da Silva, Edmundo de Drummond Alves Júnior

Abstract


Introduction: Functional autonomy is considered an important marker of physical fitness, quality of life and health of the elderly. Objective: To compare the functional autonomy among physically active women and sedentary ones. Methodology: Comparative causal study with sample composed of 276 volunteers: Physically Active Group (PAG, n = 201) and Sedentary Group (GS, n = 75), which respectively were subdivided in two subgroups according to age. The instrument used for functional assessment was the Senior Fitness Test. The comparison of inter-subgroups functional autonomy was performed by the U test of Mann-Whitney with significance level of (p <0.05) through the program BioEstat 5.0. Results: Significant differences between functional autonomy of subgroups of PAG on their respective SG in all tests. Conclusions: The practice of regular physical activity has led physically active elderly women to have a better condition than sedentary ones.

Keywords


Aged; Motor Activity; Sedentary Lifestyle.

References


Fernandes MGM, Andrade NA, Nóbrega MML. Determinantes de fragilidade no idoso: uma revisão sistemática. Online Brazilian journal of nursing, v. 9, n. 1 (2010).

Ribeiro, RCL et al. Capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida de idosos. Estud. interdiscip. envelhec., Porto Alegre, v. 4, p. 85-96, 2002.

Pereira, FD et al. Comparação da força funcional de membros inferiores e superiores entre idosas fisicamente ativas e sedentárias. Rev. Bras. Geriatr. Gerontol 2009, vol.12, n.3.

Fleg JL, et al. Accelerated longitudinal decline of aerobic capacity in healthy older adults. Circulation. 2005; 112: 674-82.

World Health Organization – WHO. Draft global strategy on diet, physical activity and health – integrated prevention of noncommunicable diseases. Geneva. 2003; 3-18.

Hollmann W, Strüder HK, Tagarakis CV, King G. Physical activity and the elderly. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007;14(6):730-9.

Rikli RE, Jones CJ. Fitness of older adults. The Journal Active Aging. 2002; 25-30.

American College Of Sports Medicine. Position stand: the recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med. Sci. Sports Exercise. 1998; 30: 975-91.

Capodaglio P, et al. Muscle function and functional ability improves more in community-dwelling older women with a mixed-strength training programme. Age and ageing. 2005; 34(2):141-7.

Chaves C, Rodrigues L, Garganta R. Effects of a Once-a-week Exercise Programme in the Elderly. 13th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science 9-12 july 2008; Estoril - Portugal. 28.

Yamauchi T, et al. Effect of home-based well-rounded exercise in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2005; (4): 563-7.

Furtado HL, et al. Perfil de resistência cardiorrespiratória em mulheres idosas com sobrepeso do programa de atividade física no SESC de Nova Friburgo/RJ/Brasil. Revista de Desporto e Saúde da Fundação Técnica e Científica do Desporto. 2008; 4(11): 21-26.

Faria VAM, Oliveira AMB. Yogilates: physical conditioning, strengh and flexibility on sedentary elderly women. VI Encontro Latino Americano de Pós-Graduação – Universidade do Vale do Paraíba. 2007; 2768-72.

Hallage T. Efeitos de 12 semanas de treinamento com dança aeróbica e step de baixo impacto sobre a aptidão funcional de mulheres idosas. Dissertação. Mestrado em Educação Física da Universidade Federal do Paraná, 2008; p40.

Alves RV, et al. Aptidão física relacionada à saúde de idosos: influência da hidroginástica. Rev Bras Med Esporte 2004; 10(1): 31-7.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20113309

Comments on this article

View all comments