Teaching to take care: The nurse and caregiver familiar in home care elderly.

Neusa Maria Azevedo, Fátima Helena Espirito Santo

Abstract


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Objective: these study aims: 1- discuss the possibilities of guiding and support to the family caregiver of elderly people; 2- describe the domiciliary environment of the elderly; 3- characterize the family caregiver; 4- identify the elderly people in situation of home care; 5- identify family caregivers' needs.  Method: The caregivers familia are recruited at Programa de Internação Domiciliar of Hospital Geral de Nova Iguaçu (PID-HGNI). in data collection used participant observation, and interviews with caregiver familiar of elderly  with support one instrument to data collection to characterization the research participants. Results: The information analyzing unveiled three thematic categories: "Realizing the care of to elderly", "Realizing the feelings of the caregiver familiar" and "The nurses guidelines to elderly's to family caregivers". The first one enables the view that all subjects had limitations in performing both survival and instrumental activities of daily living, that making them highly dependent on the family caregiver. Next, the second category has on everyday care feelings evidenced by the experience/coexistence of family caregivers and the elderly. At last "The  nurses guidelines to elderly's caregivers familiar" reveals itself in his everyday life, in disease situation and lack of knowledge and skills to take care of the elderly. Conclusion: We conclude that it is up to the nurse getting to know the home environment, its dynamics, to identify the elderly and their caregivers familiar profiles before establishing one orientation program. Because in the daily care of elderly at homecare situations arise up that required orientation, to listen and look attentive to the needs of the elderly, as well as the caregiver familiar, who needs support to learn to how take care of the elderly and of himself within the disturbing context that surrounds them during the process of homecare.


Keywords


nursing, domiciliary assistance, family, elderly.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20103110