Nursing interventions on the needs of people with spinal cord injury: an integrative review

Adriana Santana de Vasconcelos, Inacia Sátiro Xavier de França, Alexsandro Silva Coura, Francisco Stélio de Sousa, Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Hemília Gabrielly de Oliveira Cartaxo

Abstract


Objective: To identify the nursing interventions used in care practices to the people with Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI) in the prehospital care, hospital attendance or in home care. Method: Integrative Review in BVS and PubMed, using these descriptors: Nursing, Spinal Cord Injuries, Paraplegia and Quadriplegia. Results: The most prevalent interventions were: to position the patient correctly; to change the decubitus and to eliminate pressure in the injured area; to observe the urinary and bowel eliminations, inspect the skin; to perform the vesical catheterization and enema; to promote the hygiene. The educational interventions to people with SCI and their families, emphasizing to the achievement of self-care, are still limited. Conclusion: Most of the interventions were related to these patterns: Activity and exercise; Elimination; Nutrition and Metabolism. There is a need to create a specific script to systematize nursing care to people with SCI and their families.


Keywords


Nursing; Spinal Cord Injuries; Paraplegia; Quadriplegia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20103000



 

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Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing. ISSN: 1676-4285

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