The monitoring of worker health after exposure to  biological fluids

 

Author: Leila Maria Mansano Sarquis, RN. PhD, Professor in Nursing Program/Universidade  Federal do Paran- UFPR, Curitiba, Paran- Brazil. Email: leila.sarquis@ufpr.br

 

Advisor: Vanda Elisa Andres Felli,RN. PhD. Professor in Nursing, of the Department of Professional Orientation of the School of Nursing of the University of So Paulo USP, So Paulo-Brazil. Email: vandaeli@usp.br 

 

Sarquis, LMM. Health worker monitoring after exposuring to biological fluids. [Thesis]. So Paulo (SP): USP Nursing School; 2007. Disponible on line:www.teses.usp.br

 

 

Introducion The exposition of the workers of health to the biological occupational risk is a reality very argued in the last decades. Still, exactly when the accidents are notified and the workers guided for the accomplishment of the protocol of biological monitoring, not adhesion on the part of these workers.1,2,3  This great exposition of the workers of health to the biological fluids if must in part to the nature of the work that carry through e, more emphatically to the forms of organization of these workers.4  Objective: to subsidize the proposition of a intervention programme for health workers exposed to biological fluids; to describe these workers; to hold the attention to their feelings and perceptions; to identify the difficulties experienced in the environment and to analyze strategies for minimization of these exposure. Methodology: The focus group technique was elected for collecting the data and the subject discourses were discussed and submitted to thematic analysis, of which emerged four empiric categories. Main results:  The quantitative analysis showed the female gender (93%), among nursing workers (60%); The hospital was the place of work that most happened the exposure (86%); the most common type of accident was with puncture cutting instruments; the inappropriate usage of EPIs was found in 40% of the accidents; 14% of workers, hasnt had the vaccinal scheme completed and 73% of the subjects made the entire monitoring without any serum conversion. The qualitative analysis of the four empiric categories enabled evident that the first one - occupational exposure - , happened by the inappropriate and/or lack of supply resources; inadequate human resources; type of work made at the work units and risk behavior of the workers. The second one the feelings involved identified the fear of disease and chieftainship, worry, indecision; anger and disgust; guilty and insecurity. The third - the causes of abandon the follow-up occur by the discredit of seriousness and by operational difficulties experienced by the workers. The fourth category - the institutional and personal strategies was proposed by the subject research. Aiming prevention, intervention and follow-up of these workers were made proposals and Recommendations to the Health Service composed firstly by a Programme of intervention and follow-up of workers exposed to biological fluids with some recommendations for treatment and follow-up of workers and by a Matrix Recommendations in health operation, categorizing activities to be carried out with service managers and their health teams in four extents: administrative, assistance, teaching and research. Conclusion: it is apprehended with the study that the way the work in health organizes itself is the main determinant of workers exposure to biological fluids. The study also shows the necessary and important articulations among institutions and units of attention towards workers health and secretariat of state in aid of prevention of these accidents with health workers.

 

Keywords: works accidents; occupational risk, occupational exposure, biological exposure, monitoring.

 

Main Bibliography:

1. Sarquis LMM, Felli VEA, Miranda FMA, Guimares HV, Oliveira GP. A adeso ao protocolo de monitoramento dos trabalhadores de sade aps a exposio a fluidos biolgicos: uma problemtica vivenciada em um ambulatrio de sade do trabalhador. Cogitare Enferm. 2005; 10(2):47-53.

2. Sarquis LMM. Acidentes de trabalho com instrumentos perfurocortantes: ocorrncia entre os trabalhadores de enfermagem [dissertao]. So Paulo: Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de So Paulo; 1999.

3. Soares JFS, Cesar-Vaz MR.Hazards to Workers Health: a literature review. Online Braz. J. Nurs. (OBJN ISSN 1676-4285). 2006 [cited 2008 set 9]; 5 (3) [online]. Avaliable at: http://www.uff.br/objnursing/index.php/nursing/article/viewArticle/510/118 

4. Felli VEA. A sade do trabalhador e o gerenciamento em enfermagem [tese livre-docncia]. So Paulo: Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de So Paulo; 2002.

 

Fellowship: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientfico e Tecnolgico -CNPq "National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development".

 

Address for correspondence: Leila.sarquis@ufpr.br

 





 

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Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing. ISSN: 1676-4285

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