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Intrinsic factors for the risk of fall of the elderly at home: a descriptive study

Izabel Cristina Luiz, Ana Karine Ramos Brum

Abstract


Goal: to associate the intrinsic factors for risk of fall with the occurrence of falls in the home environment in elderly people with chronic diseases. Method: a descriptive study with a quantitative approach, conducted between June and July 2015 with 36 octogenarian elderly, participants of a multidisciplinary chronic disease monitoring program in the state of Rio de Janeiro. We applied the Downton Scale for data collection. Results: all the elderly underwent the Mini Mental State Examination and presented a 27 point average score; 86.1% presented high intrinsic risk for falls, although sensorial handicap (P = 0.09), previous falls (p = 0.35), drug use (p = 1) and ambulation (p = 1) did not present any significant association with the occurrence of the fall during the six months of follow-up. Conclusion: There was a high intrinsic risk of falling in the elderly population studied. Among the most prevalent factors were the previous falls and use of medications, especially hypotensive drugs.

Keywords


Nursing;Elderly;Accidental Falls;Patient Safety

References


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Almeida, ST, Soldera CLC, Carli GA, Gomes I, Resende TL. Analysis of extrinsic and intrinsic factors that predispose elderly individuals to fall. Rev Assoc Med Bras [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2016 Apr 5];58(4):427-33. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-42302012000400012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17665/1676-4285.20175354

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