Cover Image

Sociodemographic profiles and violent events experienced by the elderly: a descriptive study

Andréa Mathes Faustino, Leides Barroso de Azevedo Moura, Lenora Gandolfi

Abstract


Aim: to present the sociodemographic profile, and to identify the violent events of various types (physical, psychologic, sexual, abandonment, negligence, financial abuse, and self-negligence) in elderly people residing in the Metropolitan Area of Brasília, Brazil. Method: This is a transversal and descriptive study, in which the elderly were actively asked if they had already suffered any sort of violence. Results: The sample consisted of one hundred and thirty one elderly people, with an average of 70 years. 68% were women, 41% were married, 41% were mullatos, 50% were illiterate, 90% lived with other relatives, and 52% had an income of up to 3 minimum wages. With regard to the types of violence experienced, 72% reported such unpleasant experiences after they were 60 years of ge, being the psychological violence being the most frequently mentioned (34%). Conclusion: The profile of the elderly people who suffer the most is that of a young senior, female, who lives with a relative (especially the spouse or children), with low level of education and income, and that had experienced other psychological violence outbursts after the age of 60.


Keywords


Elder Profile; Violence Outbursts; Abuce Against Elders

References


Acierno R, Hernandez MA, Amstadter AB, Resnick HS, Steve K, Muzzy W, Kilpatrick DG. Prevalence and Correlates of Emotional, Physical, Sexual, and Financial Abuse and Potential Neglect in the United States: The National Elder Mistreatment Study. American Journal of Public Health. 2010. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 100:292–7. Available from: http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.2009.163089. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.163089.

Souza ER, Minayo MCS. Inserção do tema violência contra a pessoa idosa nas políticas públicas de atenção à saúde no Brasil.Ciênc. saúde coletiva. 2010. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 15(6):2659-2668. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-81232010000600002&lng=en. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000600002.

Cooper C, Selwood A, Blanchard M, Walker Z, Blizard R, Livingston G. Abuse of people with dementia by family carers: representative cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2009. [Cited 2014 Oct 20] 22;338:b155. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b155.pdf%2Bhtml. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b155.

Cooper C, Selwood A, Livingston G. The prevalence of elder abuse and neglect: a systematic review. Age Ageing. 2008. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 37:151-60. Available from: http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/content/37/2/151.full.pdf+html. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afm194.

Hildreth CJ, Burke AE, Golub RM. Elder abuse. JAMA. 2011. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 306 (5): 568. Available from: http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1104180. doi:10.1001/jama.306.5.568.

Castro AP, Guilam MCR, Sousa ESS, Marcondes WB. Violência na velhice: abordagens em periódicos nacionais indexados. Ciênc. saúde coletiva. 2013. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 18 (5): 1283-1292. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-81232013000500013&lng=en. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232013000500013.

Sousa DJ, White HJ, Soares LM, Nicolosi GT, Cintra FA, Delboux MJ. Maus-tratos contra idosos: atualização dos estudos brasileiros. Rev. Bras. Geriatr. Gerontol. 2010. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 13(2):321-328. Available from: http://revista.unati.uerj.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1809-98232010000200016&lng=pt.

Sanches APRA, Lebrão ML, Duarte YAO. Violência contra idosos: uma questão nova? Saude soc. 2008 [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 17(3):90-100. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-12902008000300010&lng=en&nrm=iso. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902008000300010.

Abath MB, Leal MCC, Melo Filho DA. Fatores associados à violência doméstica contra a pessoa idosa. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. 2012 [Cited 2014 Oct 25] ; 15(2): 305-314. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1809-98232012000200013&lng=en. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232012000200013.

Santos MIPO, Griep RH. [Functional capacity of the elderly attended in a Unified Health System (SUS) program in Belém in the State of Pará]. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [Internet]. 2013 [Cited 2014 Oct 25] ; 18( 3 ): 753-761. Available from: http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-81232013000800021&lng=en.

Kuchemann BA. [Envelhecimento populacional, cuidado e cidadania: velhos dilemas e novos desafios]. Soc. estado. [Internet]. 2012. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 27 (1): 165-80. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-69922012000100010&lng=en&nrm=iso.

Amstadter AB, Zajac K, Strachan M, Hernandez MA, Kilpatrick DG, Acierno R. Prevalence and correlates of elder mistreatment in South Carolina: the South Carolina elder mistreatment study. Interpers Violence. 2011. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 26(15):2947-72. Available from: http://jiv.sagepub.com/content/26/15/2947. doi: 10.1177/0886260510390959

Oliveira MLC, Gomes ACG, Amaral CPM, Santos LB. Características dos idosos vítimas de violência doméstica no Distrito Federal. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. 2012. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 3(15): 555-566. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1809-98232012000300016&lng=en. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232012000300016.

Ananda B. Amstadter, Josh M. Cisler,Jenna L. McCauley, Melba A. Hernandez,Wendy Muzzy,Ron Acierno. Do Incident and Perpetrator Characteristics of Elder Mistreatment Differ by Gender of the Victim? Results from the National Elder Mistreatment Study. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2011[Cited 2014 Oct 20]; 23(1): 43–57. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017657/?report=reader

Beach SR, Schulz R, Castle NG, Rosen J. Financial exploitation and psychological mistreatment among older adults: differences between African Americans and non-African Americans in a population-based survey. Gerontologist. 2010 [Cited 2014 Oct 20]; 50(6):744-57. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3003550/

Salcedo-Barrientos DM, Gonçalves L, Oliveira Junior M, Egry EY. Violência doméstica e enfermagem: da percepção do fenômeno à realidade cotidiana. av.enferm. [serial on the Internet]. 2011 Dec [Cited 2014 Oct 25] ; 29( 2 ): 353-362. Available from: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0121-45002011000200014&lng=en.

Gaioli CCLO, Rodrigues RAP. Occurrence of domestic elder abuse. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem. 2008. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 16(3): 465-470. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-11692008000300021&lng=en. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692008000300021.

Moura LBA, Reis PED, Faustino AM, Guilhem D, Bampi LNS, Martins G. Vivências de Violência Experimentadas por Mulheres do Distrito Federal: Estudo Descritivo. Online braz j nurs. 2011. [Cited 2014 Oct 25]; 10 (3). Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/3534. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20113534.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20144588