Cover Image

Noise levels in a pediatric intensive care unit: an observational and correlational study

Fernanda Maria do Carmo da Silveira Neves de Oliveira, Márcia Barbosa de Paiva, Maria Aparecida de Luca Nascimento, Vivian Marinho Rezende, Alexandre Souza da Silva, Carlos Roberto Lyra da Silva

Abstract


Aim: To measure noise levels in a pediatric intensive care customer unit and discuss the consequences of such noise in relation to professional actions. Methods: This is an observational and correlational study, performed in the pediatric intensive care unit of a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro. We measured the noise level by decibel DEC-460 for five non-consecutive days and nights at five different hours. After a descriptive analysis of data, we performed a study of linear regression. Results: We identified an average of 62.64 dBA, with a standard deviation of 6.893 dBA and peak of 82.5 dBA during the daytime. The linear regression found that 44% of the variability of the noise is explained by the covariables. Discussion: The noise levels identified exceed recommendations of national and international organizations. We identified the professional actions and interactions as the main sources of noise. Conclusion: There is an urgent need to rethink this environment and establish educational strategies for noise reduction, making it safer and healthier.

Keywords


Nursing;Sound Pressure Level;Patient Unit.

References


Sampaio Neto RA, Mesquita FOS, Paiva Junior MDS, Ramos FF, Andrade FMD, Correia Junior MAV. Noise in the intensive care unit: quantification and perception by healthcare professionals. Rev bras ter intensiva [Internet]. 2010 Dez [cited 2012 Aug 15]; 22(4): 369-74. Available from: http//www.scielo.br/pdf/rbti/v22n4/10.pdf

Macedo ISC, Mateus DC, Costa EMGC, Asprino ACL, Lourenço EA. Noise assessment in intensive care units. Braz j otorhinolaryngol [Internet]. 2009 Dez [cited 2012 Aug 15]; 75(6): 844-6. Available from: http//www.scielo.br/pdf/bjorl/v75n6a12.pdf

Aurélio FS. Ruído em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal [dissertação]. Santa Maria (RS): Centro de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; 2009.

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas. Níveis de ruído para conforto acústico – procedimento. Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas; 1987.

Allison PD. Multiple Regression: a primer. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press; 1999.

The R Project for Statistical Computing [homepage on the internet]. Cited 2012 Aug 03]. Available from: http://www.R-project.org.

Kakehashi TY, Pinheiro EM, Pizzarro G, Guilherme A. Noise level in neonatal intensive unit. Acta paul enferm [Internet]. 2007 Dez [cited 2012 Aug 21]; 20(4): 404-9. Disponível em: http//www.scielo.br/pdf/ape/v20n4/02.pdf

Ministério da Saúde (Brasil). Secretaria de Vigilância Sanitária. Portaria nº 466, de 04 de junho de 1998. Estabelece o Regulamento Técnico para o Funcionamento dos Serviços de Tratamento Intensivo e sua respectiva classificação de acordo com o grau de complexidade, capacidade de atendimento e grau de risco inerente ao tipo de atendimento prestado. Diário Oficial da União 05 jun 1998.

Bitencourt AGV, Neves FBCS, Dantas MP, Albuquerque LC, Melo RMV, Almeida AM, et al. Analysis of stressors for the patient in Intensive Care Unit. Rev bras ter intensiva [Internet]. 2007 Mar [cited 2012 Aug 15]; 19 (1): 53-9. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbti/v19n1/a07v19n1.pdf

Muniz LMN, Stroppa MA. Desconfortos dos pacientes internados na UTI, quanto a poluição sonora. RAHIS. 2009 Jul; 4(3): 56-62.

Aurélio FS, Tochetto TM. Noise in a neonatal care unit: measurement and perception of professionals and parents. Rev paul pediatr [Internet]. 2010 Jun; 28(2): 162-9. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rpp/v28n2/v28n2a06.pdf

Miranda EJP, Stancato K. Risks to health of intensive care unit nursing staff: proposal of integral approach of health. Rev bras ter intensiva [Internet]. 2008 Mar [cited 2012 Aug 23]; 20(1): 68-76. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbti/v20n1/a11v20n1.pdf

Silva RR. Psicologia e unidade de terapia intensiva. Revista Salus [Internet]. 2007 Jun [cited 2012 Aug 23]; 1(1): 39-41. Available from: http:// revistas.unicentro.br/index.php/salus/article/download/668/779

Zamberlan-Amorim NE, Fujinaga CI, Hass VJ, Fonseca LMM, Fortuna CM, Scochi CGS. Impact of a participatory program to reduce noise in a neonatal unit. Rev Latinoam enferm [Internet]. 2012 Fev [cited 2012 Aug 17]; 20(1): 109-16. Available from: http:// www.scielo.br/pdf/rlae/v20n1/pt_15.pdf

Fogaça MC, Carvalho WB, Cítero VA, Nogueira-Martins LA. Factors that cause stress for physicians and nurses working in a pediatric and neonatal intensive care unit: bibliographic review. Rev bras ter intensiva [Internet]. 2008 Set [cited 2012 Aug 23]; 20(3): 261-6. Available from: http:// www.scielo.br/pdf/rbti/v20n3/v20n3a09.pdf

Godinho JSL, Tavares CMM. The permanent education in intensive care units: a review article. Online braz j nurs [Internet]. 2009 Jun [cited 2012 Aug 15]; 8(2). Available from: http:// http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/2288




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1676-4285.20134043



 

The articles published in Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing are indexed, classified, linked, or summarized by:

 

Affiliated to:

Sources of Support:

 

The OBJN is linked also to the main Universities Libraries around the world.

Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing. ISSN: 1676-4285

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons:Noncommercial-No Derivative Works License.